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CRIMINAL JUSTICE MAJOR

The Department of Criminal Justice merges the liberal arts and professional studies into a well-balanced curriculum. A Bachelor of Science with a major in Criminal Justice is a solid foundation for law school or graduate study in addition to being a superb preparation for employment in the rapidly-growing field of criminal justice. The core courses provide a basic understanding of the nature of crime and society's reaction to crime, as well as an in-depth explanation of the various components within the Criminal Justice System. The areas of concentration provide knowledge and skills for future employment, and serve as a basis for advanced studies.

ACADEMIC CONCENTRATIONS

Concentration in Corrections: Prepares students for working with individuals that have been placed under the custody of the correctional system. The purpose of corrections is two-fold: (1) to punish individuals that have committed crimes, and (2) to rehabilitate those same individuals for successful re-entry into society. Studies in juvenile justice examine the treatment of juvenile offenders.

Concentration in Forensic Investigations: Prepares students for careers as criminal investigators and/or crime scene technicians. Provides insights into basic investigative, as well as specialized, skills in drug, homicide, sex offenses, child abuse, and arson investigations. The main theme of Forensic Investigations, however, is crime scene processing, identification and collection of physical evidence, and the presentation of evidence into a court of law.

Concentration in Law Enforcement: Focuses on the study of the role and functions of police organizations as agents of crime prevention in a democratic society, including an understanding of police history, organizational structure, policies, planning, and coordination between various police organizations. The importance of establishing and maintaining positive and supportive relations with the public is an area of special interest.

 


PLAN OF STUDY

The Bachelor of Science with a major in Criminal Justice requires compliance with the general academic regulations, including the following: a minimum of 128 hours consisting of 50 hours of General Studies courses, 18 hours of Criminal Justice core courses, 24 hours in a Criminal Justice concentration, and 36 hours of minor and elective courses.

NOTE: Criminal Justice majors must obtain a minor or second major outside the Department.

Department of Criminal Justice Core Curriculum
18 hours required for all CJ majors

CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3 hours
CJ 201 Criminal Law 3 hours
CJ 300 Theories of Crime Causation 3 hours
CJ 302 Research Methods 3 hours
CJ 325 Criminal Courts 3 hours
Any one of the following:
CJ 471 Internship in Criminal Justice 3 hours
CJ 472 Internship in Criminal Justice 3 hours
CJ 494 Senior Seminar I 3 hours
CJ 495 Senior Seminar II 3 hours
CJ 496 Senior Seminar III 3 hours


Department of Criminal Justice Concentrations
Corrections Concentration - 24 hours

CJ 200 Introduction to Corrections 3 hours
CJ 310 Criminal Behavior and Rehabilitation Strategies 3 hours
CJ 311 Correctional Techniques 3 hours
CJ 315 Community-Based Corrections 3 hours
CJ 322 Juvenile Agencies 3 hours
+ CJ Electives 9 hours


Forensic Investigations Concentration - 24 hours

CJ 202 Introduction to Law Enforcement 3 hours
CJ 304 Introduction to Forensic Investigations 3 hours
CJ 430 Criminalistics 3 hours
CJ 456 Homicide Investigation 3 hours
CJ 460 Criminal Investigations 3 hours
+ CJ Electives 9 hours


Law Enforcement Concentration - 24 hours

CJ 202 Introduction to Law Enforcement 3 hours
CJ 363 Foundations of Law Enforcement 3 hours
CJ 370 Police Administration 3 hours
CJ 402 Police and Community Relations 3 hours
CJ 460 Criminal Investigations 3 hours
+ CJ Electives 9 hours

*Courses credited within the core or a concentration will not be credited within another concentration or minor.



MINORS

Department of Criminal Justice majors that have completed the CJ core curriculum and a concentration have met the requirements for a major in Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice majors must obtain a minor from outside the department. Students selecting the Forensic Investigations concentration must select a minor in one of the following disciplines: Accounting, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Computer Information Systems, Finance, Geography, Physics, or Psychology. Chemistry is the minor most highly recommended. A second minor in Spanish is encouraged.

For all other Criminal Justice concentrations, Spanish is the preferred minor or co-minor.

Students who are not majoring in Criminal Justice may minor in Criminal Justice, Corrections, Forensic Investigations, or Law Enforcement. Each minor requires a minimum of 21 credit hours.

• A minor in Criminal Justice consists of CJ 101, CJ 200, CJ 201, CJ 202, CJ 300, CJ 325, and 3 hours of CJ electives.
• A minor in Corrections consists of CJ 101, CJ 200, CJ 310, CJ 311, CJ 315, CJ 322, and 3 hours of CJ electives.
•A minor in Forensic Investigations consists of CJ 101, CJ 202, CJ 304, CJ 430, CJ 456, CJ 460, and 3 hours of CJ electives.
• A minor in Law Enforcement consists of CJ 101, CJ 202, CJ 363, CJ 370, CJ 402, CJ 460, and 3 hours of CJ electives.

CRIMINAL JUSTICE COURSES (CJ)

Required Core Courses:

101. Intro to Criminal Justice (3). Survey of the agencies and processes involved in the Criminal Justice System: the police, the prosecutor, the public defender, the courts, and corrections.

201. Criminal Law (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. Analysis of the origin and sources of criminal law as well as definition of parties to crimes and affirmative defenses. Discussion of specific crimes of common law, and in state and national statutes.

300. Theories of Crime Causation (3). An examination of biological, psychological, sociological, political, and economic theories of crime causation.

302. Research Methods (3). Prerequisites: CJ 101. An introduction to the theory, design, collection, and analysis of data in criminal justice research.

325. Criminal Courts (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. An analysis of the roles of the major participants in the Criminal Justice System; the Courts' structure and functions, and selected critical issues such as sentencing and plea bargaining.

Courses That May Count As Requirements or Electives Toward Any One Concentration or Minor:

200. Introduction to Corrections (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. Philosophical foundations of punishments, historical developments in American penology. Corrections in contemporary America.

202. Introduction to Law Enforcement (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. The development of contemporary American Police. Law enforcement role, philosophy, values, culture, discretion, organizational control, accountability, corruption, misconduct, police-community relations, and future trends.

205. Legal Research and Records (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. To develop essential legal research skills and knowledge about acquiring legal information from the statutes, case-law books, legal records, online data retrieval services and other legal resources, and to know the essential content of key reports and documents currently used in the courts.

303. Introduction to Security/Loss Prevention (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. A study of the private industry including origins, administration, personnel, physical aspects, loss prevention, variations in security systems, and career opportunities.

304. Intro to Forensic Investigations (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. The student is introduced to the development of Forensic Investigations and its contribution to the Criminal Justice System, and the applications of the scientific discipline to the examination and analysis of physical evidence.

310. Criminal Behavior and Rehabilitation Strategies (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200. A study of criminal behavior from a psychological perspective with correctional rehabilitation programs and strategies serving as the focus. The effectiveness of various correctional institutions and their programs and strategies will also be examined.

311. Correctional Techniques (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200. An introduction to correctional strategies and the theories on which they are based. Among the topics discussed are counseling, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, learning theory and behavior modification. This course will also provide an in-depth examination of both assessment and counseling strategy effectiveness with offender populations.

315. Community Based Corrections (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200. A survey of non-institutional correctional programs focusing on alternatives to incarceration in community settings. Programs reviewed include pre-release, parole, halfway houses, restitution centers, probations, and community correctional centers.

322. The Juvenile Agencies (3). Prerequisites: CJ 200 or CJ 205. Examination of the historical aspects of the juvenile justice system with emphasis on juvenile rights in the present juvenile court system and pre-trial techniques.

352. Evidence (3). Prerequisite: CJ 325. Analysis of the rules of evidence, their origins and types. Constitutional limitations upon their use, methods of safeguarding their value. The trial and techniques for testifying.

353. Correctional Law (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200 or CJ 205. Legal problems of the convicted from conviction to release; pre-sentence investigation, sentencing, civil rights loss and restoration, and other legal problems confronting the convicted.

361. Constitutional Law (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. Analysis of the Constitution of the United States as it affects the law enforcement and corrections field, to wit: the 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 8th Amendments to the Constitution.

362. Constitutional Law II (3). Prerequisite: CJ 361. A study of constitutional issues in the administration of justice, fair trial guarantees, humane punishment, and the civil and criminal liability of criminal justice professionals.

363. Foundations of Law Enforcement (3). Prerequisite: CJ 202. An examination of the foundations of American law enforcement from its cultural heritage in England to the present.

370. Police Administration (3). Prerequisite: CJ 202. Organizational structure and coordination of all branches of law enforcement agencies - police, staff, and auxiliary function, their interrelationships and interdependence.

395. Crime Prevention (3). Prerequisite: CJ 101. Analysis of the roles of the Criminal Justice System and the private sector in preventing crime. Community involvement as a source of preventing crime. Crime prevention strategies and techniques for evaluating prevention programs.

399. Study Tour (3) (3). Topics, excursions, and requirements determined by the department. May be duplicated for credit up to 6 hours. Infrequently scheduled and subject to minimum and maximum numbers. Advanced deposit required.

400. Protective Systems (3). Prerequisite: CJ 303. The criminal threat, protective system concept, systems configuration and cost benefit analysis of currently available protective systems.

402. Police and Community Relations (3). Prerequisite: CJ 202. Study of the numerous and complex factors involved in the area of human relations as it affects policing and police management.

405. Judicial Administration (3). Prerequisite: CJ 325. Advanced study of the workings of the state and federal court systems, with a focus on the administrative support agencies of the courts including the responsibilities of the clerks of courts, courts administrators, with an examination of careers in the court systems of the states and federal government, and the issues facing the judiciary.

406. Retail Security (3). Prerequisite: CJ 303. Employee thefts, shoplifting, robbery, burglary, shortages, special fire problems, insurance recovery.

410. Correctional Administration (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200. Advanced study of the workings of the state and federal prison systems and local jails. The application of the theories of organization, management and public administration to the operations of correctional units, policy matters, and other issues facing corrections.

411. Victimless Crimes (3). Prerequisite: Junior standing with 18 hours in CJ. Study of controversial area of law that deals with consensual crimes. Topics to be included for discussion may include: homosexuality, drugs, obscenity and pornography, prostitution, and gambling. The history of legislative enactments and judicial decisions will be dealt with, as well as the social and political implications of enforcement to both police agencies and their clients.

417. Criminal & Deviant Behavior (3). Prerequisite: CJ 300 or SY 320. An analysis of criminal and deviant behavior systems with an emphasis on classical and contemporary theories of crime causation.

420. Probation and Parole (3). Prerequisites: CJ 311 or CJ 315. Development, organization, operation of probation and parole with emphasis on alternatives to incarceration.

430. Criminalistics (3). Prerequisite: CJ 304. Methods of scientific analysis, comparison and identification of physical evidence, blood and body fluids, casts and molds, detective dyes, fingerprints, and trace evidence.

456. Homicide Investigation (3). Prerequisite: CJ 304. Special problems involved in homicide investigation including the forensic autopsy.

460. Criminal Investigations (3). Prerequisite: CJ 202 or CJ 205. Practical application of investigative techniques for specific crimes such as sex offenses, murder, robbery, arson, assaults, and fraud cases.

463. Crime Scene Processing (3). Prerequisite: CJ 304. In-depth and practical look at various types of physical evidence and methods by which evidence is collected and transported to forensic crime laboratories.

464. Interviews/Interrogations (3). Prerequisite: CJ 200 or 202 or 205 or 303 or 304. Discussions and practical exercises covering the various techniques used by criminal justice practitioners to elicit information from witnesses and criminal suspects.

466. Drugs of Abuse (3). Prerequisites: BY 102/104 or CY 106/108, and CJ 430 or NU 306. Drugs of abuse, their field identification, and drug abuse education.

467. Trace Evidence (3). Prerequisites: BY 102/104 or CY 106/108, and CJ 430. Review of techniques used in the analysis of hairs, fibers, and minute items of evidence related to criminal matters.

471. Internship in Criminal Justice (3). Prerequisites: Junior standing and consent of Department Head. Supervised work experience in an approved Criminal Justice agency. The student is required to attend a pre-announced orientation meeting prior to beginning internship. (Not open to in-service personnel or those with prior CJ work experience unless approved by Department Head.)

472. Senior Internship in Criminal Justice (3). Prerequisite: Senior standing and consent of the Department Head. Supervised work experience in an approved Criminal Justice agency. The student is required to attend a pre-announced orientation meeting prior to beginning internship and additional scheduled meetings with the Internship Director. (Not open to in-service personnel or those with prior CJ work experience unless approved by Department Head.) This is a Senior Capstone course, and satisfactory work requires completing the CBASE and other senior exit requirements.

482. Independent Study in Criminal Justice (3). Prerequisite: Junior standing with 18 hours in CJ. An opportunity for the advanced student to explore an area of special interest. Student must have a supervising criminal justice faculty member agree to a written proposal or outline for an appropriate topic for study, and then must secure the approval of the Department Head.

485, 486. Advanced Seminar in Criminal Justice (3) (3). Prerequisite: Junior standing with 18 hours in CJ. An in-depth study of current issues in Criminal Justice. The content will vary each semester. Students seeking admission must have advanced standing and secure approval of Department Head. May be duplicated for credit for a total of six (6) semester hours.

488. Seminar Series (1 hour each). Prerequisite: Junior standing with 18 hours in CJ. Seminars and tutorials dealing with current topics and issues in the field. No more than 6 hours credit may be earned.

494. Senior Seminar I (3). Prerequisites: Senior Standing in the Criminal Justice major and completion of all other criminal justice core requirements. Capstone course that utilizes the student's knowledge and academic skills, including pursuing archival research, journal keeping, note taking and report writing to address a topic or issue of contemporary interest in criminal justice or one of its sub-fields. While the topic or issue may change with each offering, the skills exercised will be those needed to prepare the senior for careers in criminal justice professions.

495. Senior Seminar II (3). Prerequisites: Senior Standing in the Criminal Justice major and completion of all other criminal justice core requirements. Capstone course that utilizes the student's knowledge and academic skills, including pursuing archival research, journal keeping, note taking and report writing to address a topic or issue of contemporary interest in criminal justice or one of its sub-fields. While the topic or issue may change with each offering, the skills exercised will be those needed to prepare the senior for careers in criminal justice professions.

496. Senior Seminar III (3). Prerequisites: Senior Standing in the Criminal Justice major and completion of all other criminal justice core requirements. Capstone course that utilizes the student's knowledge and academic skills, including pursuing archival research, journal keeping, note taking, and report writing to address a topic or issue of contemporary interest in criminal justice or one of its sub-fields. While the topic or issue may change with each offering, the skills exercised will be those needed to prepare the senior for careers in criminal justice professions.