The College of Nursing and Health Sciences Faculty subscribe to the commitment of the University to maintain high academic standards, thereby ensuring quality through teaching, counseling, and the promotion of excellence. Professional nursing is a field of higher education that belongs within the University. Building on a strong liberal arts education, the student is prepared broadly for living. Like all programs at the University, the College strives to meet the personal, social and cultural needs of the students while preparing them for professional careers. The professional component prepares the student to render nursing care that demonstrates belief in the multi-dimensional wholeness of individuals.
Individuals are viewed as holistic beings comprised of three dynamic subsystems: biological, social, and personal. Each of subsystems interacts to form an integrated whole that is continuously affected by the state of growth and development from conception to death. Individuals function within the context of a family and community that is part of an ever-changing environment. Through its diverse culture, values, ideas, beliefs, and customs, the environment influences individual behaviors. In turn, individuals can influence the environment through interaction with social, economic, and political forces. As such, individuals are capable of self-direction, affecting change, and influencing others that are part of a multicultural society.
Individuals have basic needs that must be met in order for them to function at their optimal health levels. When stress threatens fulfillment of one or more of these basic needs, the individual may require help in adapting and coping in order to reestablish an optimum level of functioning within new limitations.
The promotion and maintenance of health are necessary to optimize the potential of individuals. Health is seen as the state of equilibrium among the three subsystems (biological, social, and personal) and the environment. Health care is concerned with the promotion of wellness, prevention of illness, and the restoration of health, thus, maximizing the fullest potential of the individual. Health care is provided through collaboration with health professionals and should be affordable and accessible to all individuals.
The professional nurse must possess a knowledge base of humanistic and scientific concepts from which theories can develop. Nurses acquire this knowledge base through the teaching-learning process that involves an interaction between the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains, and is manifested by a change in behavior. Both educator and learner share in the responsibility for creating an atmosphere that will stimulate intellectual curiosity, creativity, critical thinking, and independent learning. The educator facilitates the learning process by recognizing the unique needs of the learner and providing an environment for the development of a professional nurse that is able to utilize the nursing process with clients in a variety of settings.
As a profession, nursing is creative and imaginative and is directed by a therapeutic purpose. As an applied science, nursing utilizes knowledge from the biological and behavioral sciences as well as the humanities in order to enhance the health status of individuals. The nursing process incorporates specific arts, skills, and knowledge that enable nurses to promote interaction between individuals and their environment and initiate positive health measures that benefit individuals, communities, and society.
Professional nursing promotes and supports health and enhances the quality of life. The nurse functions in roles that are independent in situations that are specifically related to nursing, but interdependent in situations that require the collective judgment of a multidisciplinary team from several different professions. The professional nurse is an advocate for the consumer of health care and is responsible and accountable to the profession of nursing and society for explanations of assessment, actions and outcomes.