Laws: Equal Employment Opportunity

  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits employment discrimination against persons 40 years of age or older.
  • The Equal Pay Act prohibits employers and unions from paying different wages based on the employee's gender.
  • The American with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination based on a physical or mental handicap by employers.
  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, national origin, sex and religion.
  • Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), which prohibits genetic information discrimination in employment.
  • The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) forbids discrimination based on pregnancy when it comes to any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits such as leave and health insurance, and any other term or condition of employment.