Remote Sensing Vocabulary Chapter 13

abutment rocks, area strip mining, bedrock base, blooms, cobbles, complex landslide, consolidated deposits, construction material surveys, contour strip mining, cut, damage surveys, debris slide, detailed survey of the best route, dispersal plume, dredge tailings, dredging, earth dam, earthflow, feasible route comparisons, form lines, form-line sketches, granular materials, granules, gravity transport, high-wall, landslide-susceptible terrain, landslides, location controls, masonry dam, mine-disturbed land, natural disasters, nonpoint sources, open-cast mining, open-pit mining, pebbles, placer minerals, point sources, portable stereoplotters, reconnaissance survey, rockfall, route selection techniques, sand, sediment pollution, shear stress, shear strength, shelf, slide-formed features or conditions, slope failures, slump, slump blocks, sort, spoil, stockpile, stockpile inventory, stratify, strip mining, sulfuric acid mine drainage, talus, terrain analysis approach, thermal pollution, time-sequential aerial photographs, topographic strip maps, triggering mechanisms, unconsolidated deposits, water color, water-pollution investigations

  1. Method for locating construction materials by examining the area
  2. Examination and evaluation of the availability of the resources required for building
  3. Clastic materials, the most commonly sought type of construction materials
  4. Medium sized rock fragments, 0.06 to 2 mm in diameter
  5. Rock fragments with a diameter of 2-4 mm
  6. Rock fragments with a diameter of 4-6 mm
  7. Rock fragments with a diameter of 54-256 mm
  8. Loose sedimentary debris
  9. Compacted and lithified debris, clastic sedimentary rock
  10. Separated based on size or weight
  11. Layered or deposited in beds
  12. Methods of determining where to locate a road
  13. Obtains an overall look at the entire area which a road must traverse to find which are technically feasible
  14. Use of large-scale strip photographs to compare different feasible routes
  15. Photographic survey and analysis at very large scale to locate a route
  16. Characteristics that attract or repel a route
  17. Informal contour map drawn when topographic quads are unavailable
  18. Approximate contours to show general terrain configuration
  19. Instruments like the Zeiss Stereotope that use floating marks to draw contours
  20. Map along a route with a contour interval of 2-3 m
  21. Water retention device made of concrete
  22. Water retention device made of dirt
  23. Material beneath a dame, its natural foundation
  24. The sides or anchors onto which a dam is constructed
  25. Series of photos maintained through time used to monitor environmental change
  26. Mass movement of large and small materials by gravity
  27. Collapse of a surface when forces promoting movement exceed resistance
  28. The ability to withstand pressure or strain
  29. Forces exerted on a material
  30. Movement downward by the agent of mass wasting
  31. Force or energy which induces movement
  32. Mass movement which exhibits mixed characteristics
  33. Discrete block of earth and rock that moves downward as a rigid mass
  34. Series of intact masses that move downward along a curved surface and exhibit rotation
  35. Viscous mass of material that moves downward as a liquid
  36. Sudden movement of large blocks of rock moving as individual parts of a larger mass
  37. Accumulation of debris at the base of a slope
  38. Include hillside scars, disturbed soils and vegetation, slope or drainage pattern changes, irregular surfaces, undrained depressions, steplike terraces, and steep hillside scarps
  39. Area of potential mass movement hazard
  40. Physical event which causes destruction and injury or death
  41. Examination of the extent of destruction from a natural hazard event
  42. Concerned with detecting and assessing changes in water
  43. Artificially heated water
  44. Excessive suspended sediments, turbidity
  45. Individual location of pollution origin
  46. Dispersed origin of pollutant
  47. Pollution diffusing outward from a source
  48. An important indicator of the amounts and kinds of materials in suspension and solution
  49. 500 or more individual algae per milliliter of water
  50. Serious water pollution problem resulting from abandoned coal mines
  51. Area impacted by resource extraction
  52. Extraction of resources from rock quarries, borrow pits, and large excavations
  53. Another name for open-pit mining
  54. Removal of the overburden to extract a resource such as coal
  55. Removal of bottom sediments from a stream
  56. Removal of overburden to extract resources on fairly level terrain
  57. Removal of overburden to extract resources on hilly terrain by following the topography
  58. Trench dug to reach the resource during strip mining
  59. Overburden deposit
  60. Steep side at end of stripping excavation
  61. Bench, area between highwall and slope in contour strip mining
  62. Resources that have been eroded and are mined in stream beds or alluvial deposits
  63. Pile of materials removed from a stream during placer mining
  64. Hill of a resource being stored
  65. Estimation of the amount of material in a storage pile