Remote Sensing Questions Chapter 13

  1. What is the most widely used medium for engineering studies?
  2. Identify eight areas in which aerial photographs are used in the engineering field.
  3. What is crucial to the planning and execution of most construction projects?
  4. What two factors constrain the suitability of these materials?
  5. What common technique is used for locating these materials?
  6. Explain this technique.
  7. What are most often the photographic scales required for construction materials surveys?
  8. What is the scale range for the reconnaissance survey?
  9. What is the scale range for feasible route comparisons?
  10. In general, what scale is used for a detailed survey of the best highway route?
  11. What scales are usually adequate for recognizing and classifying landslide, and what scales are preferable for analysis?
  12. What scale does Way recommend for identifying landslide-susceptible terrain?
  13. What scales are used to isolate zones of natural disaster damage?
  14. What scales are used to render a fairly detailed overview of an area stricken by a natural disaster?
  15. What scales are used to determine the general degree of damage to individual buildings and structures?
  16. What scales are used for direct detection of water pollution?
  17. What are the most common type of construction materials sought by the engineer?
  18. For what are they used?
  19. Relate the availability of unconsolidated sorted and unsorted, stratified and unstratified materials to the work of running water, wind, ground water, waves, gravity, and ice.
  20. How would volcanism produce unconsolidated granular materials?
  21. What four rocks which may be crushed are best as construction materials?
  22. What are the three phases in the selection of a new highway route?
  23. What is the basic objective in route selection and what are the criteria?
  24. What is the purpose of each?
  25. How do air photos assist in the location of highway routes?
  26. Identify eleven types of location controls.
  27. For what are photographs used for feasible route comparisons?
  28. What are four uses of the airphotos and the topographic strip maps?
  29. What are the two types of dams and what characteristics generally determine the appropriate type?
  30. How can air photos assist in determining the feasibility of dam sites?
  31. How do the bedrock base and abutment rocks influence dam site choice and what rocks are most suitable and which least suitable?
  32. Explain why.
  33. How are time-sequential aerial photographs used after dam construction?
  34. What characteristics visible on air photos are usually recognizable clues to landslide hazards?
  35. What conditions are favorable to the causation of landslides?
  36. What are common triggering mechanisms and what role is played by water?
  37. What are the four basic types of landslides and how do they differ?
  38. What are the seven slide-formed features or conditions by which landslides are recognizable?
  39. What are locations that typically have a potential for landslides?
  40. Why is panchromatic film, used with mapping cameras, preferred for damage assessments?
  41. For what five types of assessments are medium-scale photographs useful?
  42. For what applications are large-scale photographs most used in regards to detailed damage assessments?
  43. Cite at least eleven examples.
  44. With what are water-pollution investigations concerned?
  45. What are the principal types of water pollutants?
  46. Differentiate between point sources and nonpoint sources.
  47. How can air photos indicate water pollution?
  48. What kinds of film are best suited for what kinds of water pollution problems and why?
  49. What is one of the most serious forms of surface-water pollution in the U.S.?
  50. What causes sulfuric acid mine drainage, where is it most common, what is its effects?
  51. What industries are particularly noted for thermal water pollution?
  52. What are the advantages of airborne electro-optical sensors over photographic film for water quality investigations?
  53. How can air photos be used to monitor mine-disturbed land?
  54. What are the three principle methods of surface mining, and what factors influence the choice of mining method?
  55. What are three types of open-pit mines?
  56. Describe the appearance of a deep, open-pit mine.
  57. Describe the procedure generally used for area strip mining and contour strip mining.
  58. How does dredging affect the environment?
  59. How are underground mining and petroleum extraction evident in air photos?
  60. Discuss the studies published in 1978 by Mamula and in 1982 by Mroczynski and Weismiller.
  61. What is involved in using air photos to inventory stockpiles?
  62. What are the advantages offered?