Mosture Review Questions

Vocabulary: hydrologic cycle; water vapor; change of state; latent heat; evaporation; condensation; sublimation; absolute humidity; specific humidity; relative humidity; sling psychrometer; dry bulb thermometer; dry bulb temperature; wet bulb thermometer; wet bulb temperature; depression; saturation; supersaturation; condensation nuclei; hygroscopic nuclei; dew point temperature; convection; frontal; convergence; orographic lifting; normal lapse rate; dry adiabatic lapse rate; wet adiabatic lapse rate; windward; leeward; rainshadow; foehn or chinook; environmental lapse rate; equivalent sea level temperature; stability; instability; Collision-Coalescence Model; Bergeron Model; cloud types; fog types, precipitation types

What percentage of the earth's water was contained in the atmosphere at any one time?
What are the four states of matter?
Which three states of matter occur naturally on earth?
What is the only common substance that occurs naturally on earth in the three states of matter naturally found on earth?
What is the solid form of water?
What is the liquid form of water?
What is the gaseous form of water?
To change from one state of matter to another, what is needed?
What is the change from water to water vapor?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What is the change from water vapor to water?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What is the change from ice to water?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What is the change from water to ice?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What is the change from ice to water vapor?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What is the change from water vapor to ice?
Is this a warming process or a cooling process?
What terms describe the amount of water vapor in the air?
What factor controls the amount of water vapor the air is capable of holding?
What compares the amount of water vapor actually in the air to its capacity?
From the water vapor capacity table, what can be said about the capacity if the temperature is increased?
From the water vapor capacity table, what can be said about the capacity if the temperature is decreased?
What is the formula for determining relative humidity?
If the air has 2 grains of water vapor and the temperature is 70°, what is the RH?
If this air is cooled to 40°, what is the approximate RH?
If this air is cooled to 33°, what is (approximate) the RH?
What four terms describe this air?
What is the term for the temperature at which the air is saturated?
What is the dew point temperature of this air?
If this air is cooled to 30°, what is the RH?
What is the dew point temperature of this air?
If this air is warmed to 50°, what will happen to the relative humidity?
What will be the dew point temperature of this air?
What is the name of the instrument with two thermometers that can be used to determine the relative humidity?
What is the name of the thermometer that has a piece of cloth attached to it?
What is does the dry-bulb thermometer measure?
What does the wet-bulb thermometer measure?
What is the depression?
What is the difference in temperature between the wet-bulb thermometer and the dry-bulb thermometer?
What are the two conditions of the atmosphere that a sling psychrometer can be used to determine?
If the air temperature is 70°F and the wet-bulb temperature is 62°F, what is the depression?
What is the RH?
What is the dew point temperature?
If the dry-bulb temperature is 70°F and the wet-bulb temperature is 52°F, what is the depression?
What is the RH?
What is the dew point temperature?
If the air temperature is 5°F and the wet-bulb temperature is 2°F, what is the depression?
What is the dew point temperature?
What is the RH?
If the air temperaure is 28°F and the wet-bulb temperature is 28°F, what is the depression?
What is the dew point temperature?
What is the RH?
If the depression is 0°, what does that mean about the amount of evaporation and the amount of condensation which is occuring?
What does that mean about the RH?
What does that mean about the dew point temperature?
What can be said about the statements that air at the dew point temperature, temperature at which the air becomes saturated, temperature when the air has all of the water vapor it can hold, temperature when the air contains its total capacity, temperature where the RH = 100%, temperature when the amount of condensation = evaporation?
What must be present in order for condensation to occur?
What are two terms for particulates that have an affinity (attraction) for water?
What are four ways to cool the atmosphere?
What are four ways to make air rise?
What is frontal lifting?
What type of lifting involves movement over a topographic barrier?
What is the amount of the normal lapse rate?
If the temperature of the air in Denver is 60°F and in New York City it is 70°F, which has more heat energy in the air? Note: Consider that Denver, the mile high city, is 5000', and New York City is on the coast so it is at sea level or 0'.
In this situation, what is the equivalent sea level temperature of the air at Denver?
In this situation, what is the temperature of the air at 5000' above New York City?
When the air is not moving, what lapse rate is used to make temperature comparisons?
What is the amount of the dry adiabatic lapse rate?
If given a mountain with A at 1000', and 71°F, B at 4000' and C at 1000', and DRY AIR, what is the temperature at B?
What is the temperature at C?
How do the temperatures at A and C compare?
If the above problem is changed so that it is not dry air, but rather that the air at A has a dew point temperature of 60°F, what is the elevation at which the air becomes saturated?
What is point X on "my" mountains?
Where may point X be on the mountain?
After condensation begins as air moves over the mountain, what lapse rate is used?
In the above problem, what is the temperature at B?
In the above problem, what is the temperature at C?
How do the temperatures at A and C compare now?
Why do these temperatures differ?
What is the term for the side of the mountain hit by the wind?
What is the term for the back or opposite side of the mountain?
What is the term for the warmer and drier conditions on the leeward sides of mountains?
What are two terms for the warm, dry breezes which come down the leeward side of the mountain?
What are these winds called in California?
What is the term for air which resists vertical movement?
What is the term for air with once uplifted has a tendency to continue rising?
What is the actual change in temperature with altitude at a given place at a given time?
Type of clouds, fog, and precipitation are discussed by the text.
What are the two models for raindrop formation?
What model involves cold clouds when the ice crystals attract moisture and the crystals grow by sublimation?
What model involves water droplets merge in warmer clouds because of the electrical charges of the droplets?