WEATHERING AND MASS WASTING REVIEW QUESTIONS
VOCABULARY: erosion; agents; base level; weathering; physical or mechanical; frost wedging; exfoliation; plant wedging; chemical; carbonation; oxidation; hydration; hydrolysis; solution; mass wasting; talus; talus cones; block falls; avalanches; rock glaciers; landslides; mudflows; slump; creep; solifluction
What is the wearing away of the earth's surface by natural processes involving agents?
List the agents of erosion which act to lower land to base level?
What is the breakdown of existing surface and near surface material?
What are the two classes of weathering?
Which class of weathering is considered disintegration?
Which class of weathering acts to break the pieces into smaller pieces without changing the composition of the material?
Which type of mechanical weathering occurs when the water in cracks freezes and expands and cracks the rock?
Which type of mechanical weathering occurs when water evaporates and crystals grow in cracks and breaks the rocks?
Which type of weathering causes the rocks to peel like an onion and is especially active against intrusive igneous bodies and accelerated by chemical weathering?
Which type of mechanical weathering is caused by the growth of plant roots cracking the rocks?
What other influences may cause mechanical weathering?
Which type is BEST exemplified by Stone Mountain, Georgia and Half Dome in Yosemite?
What type of weathering involves the breaking of rock as chemical changes make the materials weaker?
What type of weathering is considered decomposition?
What type of chemical weathering involves acidic ground water acting on the materials in the chemical process based upon CO2 + H2 H2CO3 or carbonic acid?
What type of chemical weathering is like the rusting of rocks?
What type of chemical weathering occurs when water joins the mineral components to cause expansion or swelling of the materials?
What type of chemical weathering occurs when water joins and weakens the rocks?
What type of chemical weathering involves the leaching of rocks?
What other influences may cause chemical weathering?
What four factors affect the rate of weathering?
How does the nature of the rock affect the rate of weathering?
How does the size of the particles affect the rate of weathering?
How does the climate affect the rate of weathering?
How does the topography affect the rate of weathering?
What two terms are used for the process associated with the agent of erosion called gravity?
What is the downslope movement of solid and solid and liquid material under the influence of gravity?
What are the three variables that influence identification of the types of mass wasting or mass movements?
What type of mass movement involves large chunks of bedrock falling from a steep slope?
What type of mass movement involves chunks of snow and ice moving down a slope?
What type of mass movement involves masses of materials falling quickly down a slope?
What type of mass movement involves water and material flowing down a slope like a river of mud and materials?
What type of mass movement involves material gradually falling off of a slope and accumulating as a pile at the base?
What type of mass movement involves material slipping downward along a surface?
What type of mass movement involves material on a slope slowing and gradually moving down the slope?
Which type of mass movement is often seen along expressway embankments?
Which type of mass movement is evident from old tombstones on cemetery hillsides?
Which type of mass movement involves slow downslope movement of saturated soil at high latitudes?
Go to the Weathering and Mass Wasting
Partial Test Bank.
Go to the Weathering and Mass Wasting
Go to the Glossary of Landform Terms
Dr. M. H. Hill's Homepage