GROUND WATER AND KARST TOPOGRAPHY SAMPLE PARTIAL TEST BANK


  • The hydrologic cycle refers to the: (a) totality of forms of precipitation; (b) non-stop circulation of the earth's water; (c) flow of rivers; (d) groundwater flow to the surface; (e) latent heat of vaporization.
  • The greatest storehouse of water in the hydrologic cycle is the: (a) oceans; (b) surface streams and lakes; (c) glaciers; (d) the atmosphere; (e) ground water.
  • The second greatest storehouse of water in the hydrologic cycle is the: (a) oceans; (b) surface streams and lakes; (c) glaciers; (d) the atmosphere; (e) ground water.
  • Of the following, the one which stores the LEAST amount of water is the: (a) glaciers; (b) atmosphere; (c) surface streams and lakes; (d) ground water; (e) belt of soil moisture.
  • In the zone of SATURATION,: (a) water is rapidly flowing around rock grains; (b) the top boundary is the water table; (c) air replaces water when precipitation ceases; (d) the belt of soil moisture allows grass to grow; (e) ALL of these are true.
  • It is true that: (a) the water table never varies; (b) in some places there may not be a water table; (c) the water table is highest in dry weather; (d) vegetation cover does not effect the water table; (e) ALL of these are true.
  • The belt of soil moisture is: (a) immediately above the water table; (b) part of the zone of saturation; (c) the water source for trees; (d) just below the surface; (e) ALL of these.
  • The water table is the: (a) top of the zone of saturation; (b) source of water for lawns; (c) greatest depth to which a well must be drilled; (d) top of the zone of aeration; (e) aquiclude which makes artesian wells possible.
  • The rate at which water passes through a rock or a soil is BEST the: (a) permeability; (b) aquiclude; (c) aquifer; (d) drawdown; (e) porosity.
  • Where ground water naturally rises part way up a well but not out from the earth's surface is a(n): (a) subartesian well; (b) ecotone; (c) capillary fringe; (d) ped; (e) spring.
  • A subsurface layer which cannot store, transmit, and supply ground water is a(n): (a) caprock; (b) drawdown; (c) capillary fringe; (d) aquifer; (e) aquiclude.
  • The rate at which water passes through a rock or a soil is BEST the: (a) permeability; (b) pedocal; (c) pedalfer; (d) capillary; (e) porosity.
  • The capillary fringe is: (a) immediately above the water table; (b) part of the zone of saturation; (c) the water source for trees; (d) just below the surface; (e) ALL of these.
  • What does soil compaction do to the permeability? (a) it increases it; (b) it decreases it; (c) it has little effect; (d) it increases the permeability for bare soil and decreases it in forest cover; (e) it has no effect.
  • The amount of space between particles in a rock or a soil is BEST the: (a) permeability; (b) pedalfer; (c) aquifer; (d) drawdown; (e) porosity.
  • The rock which confines the water to create an artesian well is said to be the: (a) cap rock; (b) capillary fringe; (c) cone of depression; (d) aquifer; (e) recharge.
  • A cone of depression: (a) speeds the flow of water in a well; (b) is absent from aquifers; (c) is characteristically associated with aquicludes; (d) deepens as pumping increases; (e) is associated only with artesian wells.
  • Where ground water naturally emerges from the earth's surface is a(n): (a) subartesian well; (b) ecotone; (c) capillary fringe; (d) ped; (e) spring.
  • A subsurface layer which can store, transmit, and supply ground water is a(n): (a) caprock; (b) drawdown; (c) capillary fringe; (d) aquifer; (e) aquiclude.
  • The amount of space between particles in a rock or a soil is BEST the: (a) permeability; (b) aquiclude; (c) aquifer; (d) drawdown; (e) porosity.
  • The term used for the replenishment of ground water is: (a) artesian; (b) permeability; (c) gradient; (d) recharge; (e) spring.
  • The water table is the: (a) top of the zone of saturation; (b) source of water for lawns; (c) greatest depth to which a well must be drilled; (d) top of the zone of aeration; (e) the aquiclude which makes artesian wells possible.
  • A source of geothermal energy is: (a) subartesian wells; (b) the biomass of the tropical rainforest; (c) geysers; (d) the sun; (e) tides.
  • A hole dug or drilled below the water table is BEST called a(n): (a) thermocline; (b) well; (c) aquifer; (d) artesian; (e) spring.
  • Depressions caused by underground solution are: (a) karst; (b) deltas; (c) tarns; (d) synclines; (e) sinkholes.
  • The landscape in an area where ground water is the principal erosional agent is called: (a) sinkhole; (b) integrated; (c) karst; (d) entrenched; (e) aquified.
  • The dominant process in the erosive action of ground water is: (a) turbulence; (b) solution; (c) traction; (d) saltation; (e) NONE of these.

     

    Use Diagram D to answer the questions.


     
     

  • NN is a(n): (a) cavern; (b) U-shaped valley; (c) sinkhole; (d) karst; (e) outwash plain.
  • Feature 25 is a(n): (a) stalactite; (b) stalagmite; (c) spit; (d) karst; (e) stack.
  • Feature 26 is a(n): (a) stalactite; (b) stalagmite; (c) spit; (d) karst; (e) stack.
  • OO is a(n): (a) esker; (b) arête; (c) outcrop; (d) dike; (e) moraine.
  • PP is: (a) limestone; (b) sandstone; (c) conglomerate; (d) shale; (e) igneous rock.
  • QQ is: (a) limestone; (b) sandstone; (c) conglomerate; (d) shale; (e) igneous rock.
  • JJ is a(n): (a) water gap; (b) wind gap; (c) col; (d) fault scarp; (e) cutoff.
  • The agent which formed JJ is: (a) ground water; (b) running water; (c) wind; (d) pressure; (e) ice.
  • The process which formed JJ is: (a) solution; (b) fluvial; (c) eolian; (d) diastrophism; (e) glaciation.
  • KK is a(n): (a) water gap; (b) wind gap; (c) col; (d) fault scarp; (e) cutoff.
  • The agent which formed KK is: (a) ground water; (b) running water; (c) wind; (d) pressure; (e) ice. (CAREFUL!)
  • The process which formed KK is: (a) fluvial; (b) solution; (c) glaciation; (d) diastrophism; (e) eolian. (CAREFUL!)
  • LL is a(n): (a) disappearing stream; (b) tributary; (c) distributary; (d) dendrite; (e) stalactite.
  • MM is a(n): (a) karst; (b) sinkhole; (c) cirque; (d) pot hole; (e) kettle.
  • The topography represented on diagram D is: (a) karst; (b) glacial; (c) eolian; (d) volcanic; (e) fluvial.
  • The agent which formed the topography of diagram D is: (a) wind; (b) running water; (c) ground water; (d) ice; (e) waves.
  • The process which formed the topography of diagram D is: (a) eolian; (b) fluvial; (c) solution; (d) glaciation; (e) wave action.


    Go to the Glossary of Landform Terms.


     Go to Ground Water and Karst Topography Lecture Notes.

    Dr. M. H. Hill's Homepage