FLUVIAL SAMPLE PARTIAL TEST BANK

Use Diagram A to answer the questions.

 

  • The dominant agent shaping the landscape of diagram A is: (a) wind; (b) waves; (c) running water; (d) ground water; (e) glaciers.
  • The dominant process shaping the landscape of diagram A is: (a) eolian; (b) wave action; (c) fluvial; (d) solution; (e) glaciation.
  • The stream at A is flowing generally: (a) north; (b) south; (c) east; (d) west; (e) in an undeterminable direction.
  • The drainage pattern shown by A is: (a) distributary; (b) entrenched; (c) angular; (d) centripetal; (e) dendritic.
  • The river feature at B is a(n): (a) distributary; (b) meander; (c) cutoff; (d) meander neck; (e) trough.
  • If C contains standing water it is a(n): (a) meander; (b) cutoff; (c) oxbow lake; (d) sinkhole; (e) tarn.
  • If C is dry, it is a(n): (a) kettle; (b) cutoff; (c) sinkhole; (d) oxbow swamp; (e) meander scar.
  • D is a(n): (a) alluvial fan; (b) delta; (c) mudflow; (d) landslide; (e) talus cone.
  • The channel pattern at E is: (a) angular; (b) braided; (c) trellis; (d) dendritic; (e) concentric.
  • The velocity of the river: (a) is greater at F than I; (b) is slower at F than I; (c) is the same at F and I; (d) cannot be generalized without more information; (e) cannot be generalized with any amount of information.
  • The landform at F is a(n): (a) alluvial fan; (b) undercut slope; (c) slipoff slope; (d) delta; (e) barchan.
  • The landform at I is a(n): (a) alluvial fan; (b) undercut slope; (c) slipoff slope; (d) delta; (e) cirque.
  • The surface at G is a(n): (a) terrace; (b) floodplain; (c) alluvial fan; (d) moraine; (e) outwash plain.
  • The material at H is: (a) alluvium; (b) outwash; (c) erratics; (d) till; (e) drift.
  • The bank at I is the: (a) undercut slope; (b) slipoff slope; (c) Northwestern Bank; (d) cutoff; (e) lateral moraine.
  • Deposition is occurring at: (a) F; (b) I; (c) both F and I; (d) neither F nor I; (e) sometimes F and sometimes I.
  • The landform at J is: (a) lateral moraine; (b) an alluvial fan; (c) a water gap; (d) a natural levee; (e) a delta.
  • The main stream is generally flowing: (a) north; (b) south; (c) east; (d) west; (e) southeast.
  • The main stream is: (a) youthful; (b) in early maturity; (c) in old age; (d) rejuvenated; (e) below base level.
  • The stream at 1 can BEST be considered a(n): (a) yazoo stream; (b) tributary; (c) distributary; (d) disappearing stream; (e) braided stream.
  • The landform at 2 is a(n): (a) delta; (b) medial moraine; (c) lateral moraine; (d) meander neck; (e) backswamp.
  • The stream at 3 is BEST called a(n): (a) braided stream; (b) distributary; (c) yazoo stream; (d) disappearing stream; (e) entrenched stream.
  • Another term for slope is: (a) artesian; (b) permeability; (c) gradient; (d) recharge; (e) spring.
  • The slope or horizontal rate of variation is the: (a) capillary fringe; (b) cone of depression; (c) gradient; (d) porosity; (e) aquiclude.
  • Redesigning the landscape is done MOST effectively by: (a) wind; (b) glaciers; (c) running water; (d) ocean waves; (e) ground water.
  • The part of a river valley MOST likely to show the characteristics of youth is its: (a) headwaters; (b) mouth; (c) lower course; (d) banks; (e) new meanders.
  • As a stream gradient increases, there is a decrease in: (a) deposition; (b) competence; (c) capacity; (d) abrasion; (e) ALL of these.
  • During a flood, a stream will: (a) decrease its area; (b) decrease its friction; (c) increase its traction; (d) increase its deposition; (e) do ALL of these.
  • The LEAST erosion takes place: (a) at the base of a falls; (b) at the branching of a distributary; (c) in a whirlpool; (d) at an undercut slope; (e) in turbulent water.
  • The surface below which a stream generally does not erode is called the: (a) dip; (b) gradient; (c) level of competence; (d) base level; (e) terrace.
  • Of the following, the one which depends LEAST on the river's turbulence is: (a) suspension; (b) solution; (c) saltation; (d) traction.
  • An alluvial fan is UNLIKE a talus cone in that: (a) it is shaped like a delta; (b) the larger fragments are found at the top; (c) it is formed at the base of a steep slope; (d) it is depositional and the talus cone is erosional; (e) ALL of these are differences.
  • A gully where a stream flows only after a rain in an arid region is BEST called a(n): (a) pediment; (b) intermittent stream; (c) arroyo; (d) perennial stream; (e) disappearing stream.
  • A stream characterized by few tributaries, broad, flat divides, and rapids is: (a) rejuvenated; (b) old age; (c) mature; (d) youthful.
  • A stream which has lost part or all of its water by divergence to another has been: (a) rejuvenated; (b) entrenched; (c) captured; (d) turned into a disappearing stream; (e) NONE of these.
     

     


    Use Voltaire (above) to answer the following questions.
     

  • The landform at A is BEST called a(n): (a) oxbow lake; (b) oxbow swamp; (c) cutoff; (d) meander scar; (e) trough.
  • The landform at B is BEST called a(n): (a) slipoff slope; (b) meander; (c) arête; (d) meander scar; (e) BOTH A and B.
  • The landform at C is BEST called a(n): (a) meander scar; (b) oxbow lake; (c) oxbow swamp; (d) trough; (e) sinkhole.
  • The landform at E is BEST called a(n): (a) slipoff slope; (b) undercut slope; (c) terrace; (d) outwash plain; (e) wavecut terrace.
  • The landform at G is BEST called a(n): (a) slipoff slope; (b) undercut slope; (c) terrace; (d) outwash plain; (e) wavecut terrace.
  • The location at which the next cutoff is most likely to form is at: (a) A; (b) B; (c) H; (d) F; (e) G.
  • The landform at H is BEST called a(n): (a) terrace; (b) wave-built terrace; (c) outwash plain; (d) floodplain; (e) marine terrace.
  • The landform at I is BEST called a(n): (a) terrace; (b) outwash plain; (c) floodplain; (d) lateral moraine; (e) natural levee.
  • The landform at M is BEST called a(n): (a) alluvial fan; (b) talus cone; (c) slump; (d) delta; (e) cinder cone.
  • The feature BEST associated with M is: (a) lava flows; (b) yazoo streams; (c) tarns; (d) distributaries; (e) drumlins.



  • Go to the Glossary of Landform Terms.


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