FLUVIAL REVIEW QUESTIONS

VOCABULARY: fluvial; sheet flow; sheet runoff; gully; permanent; perennial; intermittent; source; head; mouth; tributary; headwaters; stream system; drainage basin; watershed; divide; valley; bed; channel; banks; load; discharge; velocity; stream orders; gradient; run; laminar; turbulent; hydraulic plucking; abrasion; solution; suspension; traction; capacity; competence; waterfall; plunge pool; meander; whirlpool; pothole; alluvium; delta; distributary; alluvial fan; braided stream; life cycle; youth; V-shaped valley; maturity; U-shaped valley; graded stream; old age; floodplain; base level; cutoff; oxbow lake; oxbow swamp; meander scar; natural levee; backswamp; yazoo stream; headward erosion; rejuvenation; entrenched meanders; terraces; stream piracy; stream capture; beheaded; peneplain; monadnock; drainage pattern; dendritic; trellis; rectangular; radial; centripetal; annular; parallel; deranged; water gap; wind gap
What is the name given to the erosion process resulting from the agent of running water?
Why can we not use just the term water to name an agent of erosion?
What is the most important force in reducing the land surface?
What is the next most important force in reducing the land surface?
What is the most effective agent of erosion?
Why is this?
What two terms refer to the water which stays on the surface and flows over the land?
When sheet flow or sheet runoff concentrates, what landforms are carved?
What effect does a steeper slope have on the erosional capacity?
What is any flow of water?
What is the term for a stream with water in it all year?
What is the term for a stream with water in it only part of the year?
What are two terms for the highest part of a stream?
What is the term for the lowest part of a stream?
What is the term for a stream which flows into another?
What is the term for tributaries near the head of a stream?
What is the term for a main stream and its tributaries?
What are two terms for the land drained by a stream?
What is the term for the highland which separates one drainage basin from another?
What is the term for the lowland between the hills of drainage basin?
What are two terms for the part of the stream covered by water?
What is the term for the land running along side of the stream and just above it?
What is the term for the material carried by stream?
What is the term for the total stream flow?
What are the five sources of water for a stream?
What are the five factors that influence the erosional effectiveness of stream?
What influences the volume of water a stream carries?
What is the ranking of streams based on the number of tributaries?
What is the term for the slope of the stream?
What is the formula for gradient?
What is the rise over the run?
How is velocity related to gradient?
What are two types of stream flow?
What is sheet-like, smooth flow of a stream?
What is rough and irregular flow of a stream?
Which has a greater erosional capacity?
What are the three ways that a stream erodes?
What results from the suction effect of water flowing over the stream bed which lifts pieces of the stream bed?
What is the grinding of one particle against another which reduces both?
What is the dissolving of materials of the stream bed?
What are the four means by which a stream transports its load?
Which means of stream transportation is the dissolved load?
Which means of stream transportation picks up and carries the load?
Which means of stream transportation results in the skipping and bouncing of particles?
Which means of stream transportation results in the rolling and sliding large particles along bottom?
How does the size of the particles moved and the means of movement change as the velocity of the steam increases?
How does the size of the particles moved and the means of movement change as the velocity of the stream decreases?
What is the term for how much weight the stream can carry?
What is the term for the size of largest piece the stream can carry?
In what type of areas is erosional action most pronounced?
Identify three locations in a stream that are especially turbulent.
What is the erosion feature at the base of water fall?
What is the term for a stream bend?
What is the landform on the outside of a stream bend?
What is the landform on the inside of a stream bend?
Which of these two is formed by erosion?
Which of these two is formed by deposition?
Which of the two is the location of the faster water?
What creates a pothole?
When a stream flows straight, where is the fastest water located?
What is the term for the amount of material the river transports by all erosional methods?
What three factors influence the amount of load?
What is the term for deposits made by running water?
What landform results when the load carrying capacity is reduced when the velocity drops where a stream enters a body of standing water?
What is the landform term for the branches of the stream on a delta?
What is the landform which forms if the gradient drops suddenly and deposition on a flat land surface occurs?
What channel pattern develops if a sudden decrease in volume OR increased load results in a deposition of some of the stream's load?
What model shows that the gradient influences channel shape and characteristics as streams erode the channel, remove materials, and reduce gradient?
Describe the gradient of a youthful stream.
Describe the valley cross-section of a youthful stream.
Are tributaries numerous and well established on a youthful stream?
Do youthful streams have waterfalls and rapids?
Draw cross-sectional diagrams to show the progressive erosion of a youthful stream valley.
What is marked by the elimination of the irregularities in a stream bed?
Are tributaries numerous and well established on a mature stream?
When does the drainage of a watershed become most effective?
How has the gradient changed from youth to maturity?
At what stage in the life cycle of a stream does meandering begin?
What is the cross-sectional shape of a mature stream?
What is the term for when a stream is just steep enough to allow it to transport its load?
Describe the gradient of an old age stream.
Describe the rate of flow of an old age stream.
Draw a cross-sectional diagram of an old age stream.
Describe the meanders of an old age stream.
What is the flat land along a stream formed by its erosion?
When does a stream have a well developed floodplain?
When is a stream closest to base level?
When in the life cycle of a stream does the down cutting and lateral erosion of a stream practically stop?
Name the landforms in order of the progressive development of a meander.
What is the term for the swamp that may form on a poorly drained floodplain?
What are the deposits formed along side the stream channel during floodstage?
What is the term for a tributary stream which flows along the floodplain before joining the main stream?
What is the term for what allows a stream to have youthful headwaters and old age mouth?
What is the term for the continued deepening and lengthening of streams and gullies as erosion progresses?
What is the term for a return to a previous stage of the life cycle of a stream?
What two events may cause rejuvenation?
What are the two landforms the indicate rejuvenation?
What is the term for the landform with V-shaped meanders?
What is the term for a remnant floodplain above the stream level?
What are the two terms to describe when the headwaters of a stream are diverted into the valley of another stream?
Why does stream piracy or stream capture occur?
Which stream is beheaded?
What is the term for the flat, erosional plain representing old age of a landscape?
What is the term for the resistant erosional remnant on a peneplain?
What is the term for the trace of the streams from a map or photograph?
Why do drainage patterns indicate geologic structure?
What drainage pattern develops on rocks of equal resistance or a uniform surface?
What drainage pattern develops on eroded folds with rocks of differing resistances?
What drainage pattern develops on an area with numerous joints or faults?
What drainage pattern develops when streams flow outward from a common center?
What landforms might have a radial drainage pattern?
What drainage pattern develops when streams flow inward to a common center?
What drainage pattern develops when streams flow on an eroded dome or basin?
What drainage pattern is a bent trellis?
What drainage pattern develops on a pronounced regional slope?
What drainage pattern is random and unintegrated and typical of stream disruption and disturbance?
What two events typically produce deranged drainage patterns?
What is the landform where a stream cuts through a mountain?
What is the landform which is an abandoned water gap?
What agent formed a wind gap?
What agent formed a water gap?
What process is associated with the formation of a wind gap?


 Go to the Fluvial Sample Partial Test Bank.


Go to the Fluvial Lecture Notes
Go to the Glossary of Landform Terms

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