EARTH MATERIALS PARTIAL TEST BANK
  • The layers of the earth from the surface in are: (a) crust, asthenosphere, lithosphere; (b) crust, mantle, liquid core, solid core; (c) mantle, sima, asthenosphere, core; (d) crust, asthenosphere, solid core, liquid core; (e) lithosphere, asthenosphere, solid core, liquid core.
  • The boundary between the crust and the mantle is the: (a) "Moho"; (b) asthenosphere; (c) sial; (d) seismology; (e) laccolith.
  • Which of the following is NOT a mineral? (a) diamond; (b) graphite; (c) calcite; (d) coal; (e) ice.
  • The environment of cooling of molten rock at or near the earth's surface is: (a) intrusive; (b) extrusive; (c) clastic; (d) fossil; (e) foliated.
  • The name for molten rock within the earth is: (a) magma; (b) bedrock; (c) clastic; (d) outcrop; (e) lava.
  • The name for molten rock at or near the earth's surface is: (a) magma; (b) bedrock; (c) clastic; (d) outcrop; (e) lava.
  • The environment of cooling of molten rock within the earth is: (a) intrusive; (b) extrusive; (c) clastic; (d) fossil; (e) foliated.
  • Lithification means: (a) to change; (b) to turn to rock; (c) made of rock fragments; (d) to solidify; (e) to crystallize.
  • Metamorphism means: (a) to change; (b) to turn to rock; (c) made of rock fragments; (d) to solidify; (e) to crystallize.
  • A texture made up of rock fragments is: (a) clastic; (b) chemical; (c) intrusive; (d) foliated; (e) non-foliated.
  • A layered texture is: (a) clastic; (b) chemical; (c) intrusive; (d) extrusive; (e) foliated.
  • Scoria cools and solidifies: (a) slowly with gases bubbling through it; (b) slowly; (c) very fast; (d) fast with gases bubbling through it; (e) fast.
  • Pumice cools and solidifies: (a) slowly with gases bubbling through it; (b) slowly; (c) very fast; (d) fast with gases bubbling through it; (e) fast.
  • Granite cools and solidifies: (a) slowly with gases bubbling through it; (b) slowly; (c) very fast; (d) fast with gases bubbling through it; (e) fast.
  • Obsidian cools and solidifies: (a) slowly with gases bubbling through it; (b) slowly; (c) very fast; (d) fast with gases bubbling through it; (e) fast.
  • Basalt cools and solidifies: (a) slowly with gases bubbling through it; (b) slowly; (c) very fast; (d) fast with gases bubbling through it; (e) fast.
  • Clastic division sedimentary rocks are mainly composed of: (a) granite; (b) basalt; (c) calcite; (d) carbon; (e) quartz.
  • Chemical division sedimentary rocks are mainly composed of: (a) granite; (b) basalt; (c) calcite; (d) carbon; (e) quartz.
  • Organic division sedimentary rocks are mainly composed of: (a) granite; (b) basalt; (c) calcite; (d) carbon; (e) quartz.
  • Through heat, pressure, and/or chemical action, limestone may become: (a) quartzite; (b) gneiss; (c) sandstone; (d) slate; (e) marble.
  • Through heat, pressure, and/or chemical action, granite may become: (a) quartzite; (b) gneiss; (c) sandstone; (d) slate; (e) marble.
  • Through heat, pressure, and/or chemical action, shale may become: (a) quartzite; (b) gneiss; (c) sandstone; (d) slate; (e) marble.
  • Through heat, pressure, and/or chemical action, sandstone may become: (a) quartzite; (b) gneiss; (c) shale; (d) slate; (e) marble.
  • A non-foliated metamorphic rock is: (a) quartzite; (b) obsidian; (c) gneiss; (d) limestone; (e) conglomerate.
  • A non-foliated metamorphic rock is: (a) marble; (b) obsidian; (c) gneiss; (d) limestone; (e) conglomerate.
  • A chemical or organic sedimentary rock is: (a) pumice; (b) shale; (c) limestone; (d) quartzite; (e) conglomerate.
  • A light colored, intrusive igneous rock is: (a) granite; (b) pumice; (c) limestone; (d) marble; (e) slate.
  • A very fine size clastic sedimentary rock is: (a) conglomerate; (b) limestone; (c) sandstone; (d) shale; (e) quartzite.
  • A dark colored, extrusive igneous rock is: (a) obsidian; (b) slate; (c) coal; (d) scoria; (e) granite.
  • A light colored, extrusive igneous rock is: (a) quartzite; (b) obsidian; (c) gneiss; (d) limestone; (e) conglomerate.
  • A medium size clastic sedimentary rock is: (a) conglomerate; (b) limestone; (c) sandstone; (d) shale; (e) marble.
  • A dark colored, intrusive igneous rock is: (a) obsidian; (b) slate; (c) gabbro; (d) basalt; (e) granite.
  • A light colored, extrusive igneous rock that cooled fast is BEST: (a) limestone; (b) rhyolite; (c) granite; (d) marble; (e) basalt.
  • Which of the following is NOT an igneous rock? (a) granite; (b) basalt; (c) pumice; (d) gneiss; (e) scoria.
  • Which of the following is NOT a sedimentary rock? (a) sandstone; (b) shale; (c) limestone; (d) conglomerate; (e) granite.
  • Which of the following is NOT a metamorphic rock? (a) schist; (b) slate; (c) marble; (d) quartzite; (e) shale.
  • Granite is a(n): (a) light colored, extrusive igneous rock; (b) light colored, intrusive igneous rock; (c) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (d) foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Quartz is a(n): (a) light colored, extrusive igneous rock; (b) mineral; (c) medium sized clastic sedimentary rock; (d) non-foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Gneiss is a(n): (a) light colored, extrusive igneous rock; (b) light colored, intrusive igneous rock; (c) large size clastic sedimentary rock; (d) foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Shale is a(n): (a) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (b) medium sized clastic sedimentary rock; (c) chemical-organic sedimentary rock; (d) foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Sandstone is a(n): (a) light colored extrusive igneous rock; (b) large size clastic sedimentary rock; (c) medium size clastic sedimentary rock; (d) very fine size clastic sedimentary rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Obsidian is a(n): (a) mineral; (b) light colored extrusive igneous rock; (c) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (d) organic sedimentary rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Basalt is a(n): (a) mineral; (b) dark colored intrusive igneous rock; (c) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (d) very fine size clastic sedimentary rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Calcite is a(n): (a) mineral; (b) light colored extrusive igneous rock; (c) chemical-organic sedimentary rock; (d) non-foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Slate is a(n): (a) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (b) very fine size clastic sedimentary rock; (c) chemical-organic sedimentary rock; (d) foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Conglomerate is a(n): (a) light colored intrusive igneous rock; (b) dark colored intrusive igneous rock; (c) medium size clastic sedimentary rock; (d) large size clastic sedimentary rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Coal is BEST considered a(n): (a) mineral; (b) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (c) very fine size clastic sedimentary rock; (d) foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Scoria is a(n): (a) light colored extrusive igneous rock; (b) dark colored extrusive igneous rock; (c) chemical-organic sedimentary rock; (d) non-foliated metamorphic rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Limestone is a(n): (a) non-foliated metamorphic rock; (b) light colored extrusive igneous rock; (c) very fine size clastic sedimentary rock; (d) chemical-organic sedimentary rock; (e) NONE of these.
  • Match each of the following with their BEST identification. (Test format will be multiple choice similar to the above questions or matching.) basalt; shale; slate; limestone; quartz; marble; obsidian; quartzite; conglomerate; scoria; gold; sandstone; calcite; gabbro; siltstone; graphite; granite; ice; gneiss; coal; pumice. CHOICES: (a) mineral; (b) light colored, extrusive igneous rock; (c) light colored, intrusive igneous rock; (d) dark colored, extrusive igneous rock; (e) dark colored, intrusive igneous rock; (f) sedimentary rock, large size clastic; (g) sedimentary rock, medium size clastic; (h) sedimentary rock, very fine size clastic; (i) sedimentary rock, chemical-organic; (j) sedimentary rock, organic; (k) metamorphic rock, foliated; (l) metamorphic rock, non-foliated.
  • If a sedimentary rock is buried within the crust and heated until it melts, the rock that crystallizes from the melt will be: (a) sedimentary, just like the rock was initially; (b) an igneous rock, with a very different appearance than the initial sedimentary rock; (c) the final form of the rocks, since igneous rocks never change; (d) a metamorphic rock, which applies to all "changed rocks," no matter how they are changed; (e) a metamorphic rock, because the rock material was exposed to heat, pressure, or chemical action.
  • Classification of a rock as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic is based on: (a) how the rock formed; (b) where the rock is found; (c) the size and shape of the rock; (d) whether or not the rock contains minerals; (e) NONE of these.
  • The rock cycle implies: (a) crustal resources are continuously regenerated through geologic time; (b) our supply of crustal resources, for all practical purposes, is fixed and finite; (c) the three rock families are interrelated; (d) ALL of these; (e) NONE of these.
  • Bedrock exposed at the earth's surface is a(n): (a) orogeny; (b) outcrop; (c) epicenter; (d) fossil; (e) seismology.


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