PLATE TECTONICS PARTIAL TEST BANK
  • The idea that "the present is the key to the past" is called: (a) superposition; (b) horizontality; (c) uniformitarianism; (d) relative dating; (e) absolute dating.
  • The idea that processes on earth occur today in much the same manner as they have throughout the past is called: (a) superposition; (b) horizontality; (c) uniformitarianism; (d) relative dating; (e) absolute dating.
  • The era of early life, when sea life expanded to the land is the: (a) Cenozoic; (b) Mesozoic; (c) Quaternary; (d) Paleozoic; (e) Pre-Cambrian.
  • The era of middle life; the era of the dinosaurs is the: (a) Cenozoic; (b) Mesozoic; (c) Quaternary; (d) Paleozoic; (e) Pre-Cambrian.
  • The era of modern life when humans spread across the earth is the: (a) Cenozoic; (b) Mesozoic; (c) Jurassic; (d) Paleozoic; (e) Pre-Cambrian.
  • The determination that an event of earth history happened about a given number of years ago is: (a) uniformitarianism; (b) half-life; (c) relative dating; (d) absolute dating; (e) erosion.
  • The determination that an event of earth history happened either before or after another event is: (a) uniformitarianism; (b) half-life; (c) relative dating; (d) absolute dating; (e) erosion.
  • On the geologic time scale, the oldest events are found: (a) at the bottom; (b) at the top; (c) on the left; (d) on the right; (e) in the center.
  • On the geologic time scale, the most recent events are found: (a) at the bottom; (b) at the top; (c) on the left; (d) on the right; (e) in the center.
  • A period of mountain building or revolution is called a(n): (a) epoch; (b) outcrop; (c) half-life; (d) orogeny; (e) superposition.
  • Any evidence of past life preserved in rock is a(n): (a) orogeny; (b) outcrop; (c) epicenter; (d) fossil; (e) seismology.
  • The age of the earth is BEST estimated to be: (a) 300 billion years; (b) 4.6 billion years; (c) 600 million years; (d) 2.35 million years; (e) 11,500 years.
  • Which of the following does NOT provide evidence for continental drift? (a) shape of continents; (b) Pleistocene glaciations; (c) paleomagnetism; (d) similarities of rocks; (e) fossil remains.
  • An oceanic trench forms when: (a) oceanic-oceanic convergence occurs; (b) oceanic-continental convergence occurs; (c) continental-continental convergence occurs; (d) divergent boundaries form a rift; (e) EITHER A or B above occur; (f) ALL of these occur.
  • It is BEST said that an oceanic trench forms at: (a) divergent boundaries; (b) transform boundaries; (c) convergent boundaries involving oceanic materials; (d) all types of convergent boundaries; (e) ALL plate boundaries.
  • Two plates sliding horizontally past each other is exemplified by: (a) the western Pacific; (b) Hawaii; (c) the San Andreas fault; (d) northern India; (e) the Peru-Chile trench.
  • Two continental plates colliding with each other is exemplified by: (a) the western Pacific; (b) Hawaii; (c) the San Andreas fault; (d) northern India; (e) the Peru-Chile trench.
  • Japan exemplifies: (a) an arc system; (b) an island arc; (c) a rift; (d) continental-continental convergence; (e) a mid-oceanic ridge.
  • The Andes Mountains of South America exemplifies: (a) an arc system; (b) an island arc; (c) a rift; (d) continental-continental convergence; (e) a mid-oceanic ridge.
  • The Rift Valley of Africa exemplifies: (a) continental-continental convergence; (b) oceanic continental convergence; (c) oceanic-oceanic convergence; (d) a divergent boundary; (e) a transform boundary.
  • The Red Sea exemplifies: (a) continental-continental convergence; (b) oceanic continental convergence; (c) oceanic-oceanic convergence; (d) a divergent boundary; (e) a transform boundary.
  • Iceland exemplifies: (a) an arc system; (b) an island arc; (c) a rift; (d) continental-continental convergence; (e) a mid-oceanic ridge.
  • The statement, oceanic sima is less dense than continental sial is: (a) true; (b) false.
  • The statement, continental sial is more dense than oceanic sima is: (a) true; (b) false.
  • The Pacific Ring of Fire: (a) circles the Pacific Ocean; (b) is an area known for its volcanic activity; (c) is an area known for its earthquakes; (d) supports plate tectonic theory; (e) is ALL of these.
  • Assuming plate movement continues in the same manner: (a) the Atlantic Ocean will become wider; (b) the Mediterranean will shrink; (c) the Himalayas will become higher; (d) earthquakes will occur in California; (e) ALL of these will occur.
  • The collision of an oceanic portion of a plate with a continental portion of a plate is BEST exemplified by: (a) Hawaii; (b) Japan; (c) Chile; (d) India; (e) the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • The collision of an oceanic portion of a plate with an oceanic portion of a plate is BEST exemplified by: (a) Hawaii; (b) Japan; (c) Chile; (d) India; (e) the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • A hot spot in a lithospheric plate is BEST exemplified by: (a) Hawaii; (b) Japan; (c) Chile; (d) India; (e) the Mid-Atlantic ridge.
  • The collision of two continental plate sections is BEST exemplified by: (a) Hawaii; (b) Japan; (c) Chile; (d) India; (e) the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • The divergent plate boundary is BEST exemplified by: (a) Hawaii; (b) Japan; (c) Chile; (d) India; (e) the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • The smooth, gently sloping extension of the continents into the sea is the: (a) abyssal plain; (b) continental shelf; (c) continental slope; (d) syncline; (e) guyot.
  • The actual edge of the continents with a slope of several hundred feet per mile is the: (a) abyssal plain; (b) continental shelf; (c) continental slope; (d) syncline; (e) guyot.
  • The deep and flat ocean floors are: (a) abyssal plains; (b) continental shelves; (c) continental slopes; (d) synclines; (e) guyots.
  • Submerged, flat topped volcanos are: (a) abyssal plain; (b) continental shelf; (c) continental slope; (d) syncline; (e) guyot.
  • The main difference between a plain and a plateau is: (a) the plain is flatter; (b) the plateau is more highly dissected or eroded; (c) a plain occurs at a lower elevation; (d) a plateau occurs at a lower elevation; (e) the plain is more highly dissected.
  • The old, ancient rocks forming the center of a continent is BEST called the: (a) continental shelf; (b) continental slope; (c) continental shield; (d) abyssal plain; (e) piedmont.
  • The basis for the Paleozoic subdivisions of the geologic time scale is: (a) periods of intense and widespread metamorphism, igneous activity, and mountain building; (b) the appearance and disappearance (extinctions) of fossil species; (c) approximately equal division of geologic time, as determined by radioactive dating; (d) the principle of original horizontality; (e) glacial and interglacial periods.
  • As each half-life passes, the amount of daughter product will: (a) decrease by half each time; (b) increase by doubling each time; (c) never exceed the amount of parent isotope remaining; (d) remain the same; (e) increase by the amount of parent isotope which has decayed.
  • The Atlantic Ocean was formed by: (a) the subsidence of Atlantis; (b) a rift and spreading of crustal plates; (c) the pressure of overlying glaciers; (d) a large meteor striking the earth; (e) a collapse of the underlying crust.

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