Biogeography Partial Test Bank
  • The process whereby one type of vegetation naturally replaces another is BEST called: (a) the climax; (b) the food chain; (c) vertical zonation; (d) extirpation; (e) plant succession.
  • The period it takes a system to recover after a disturbance is the: (a) biomass; (b) ecotone; (c) deciduous; (d) order; (e) response time.
  • The disappearance of an organism from a particular place is: (a) extinction; (b) xerophyte; (c) hydrophytes; (d) exotic; (e) extirpation.
  • The total weight of all living organisms is the: (a) biome; (b) biomass; (c) ecotone; (d) equilibrium; (e) epiphyte.
  • Another name for the boreal forest is the: (a) epiphytes; (b) selva; (c) taiga; (d) steppe; (e) tundra.
  • The biome characterized by chaparral, summer wild fires, floods, burrowing rodents, birds, reptiles, and dry summers and wet winters is: (a) tropical scrub; (b) tropical deciduous forests; (c) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (d) tundra; (e) boreal forest.
  • The biome which includes the prairie between the forests and deserts with rich soils, grazing and burrowing animals like bison, antelopes, and ground birds is the: (a) tundra; (b) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (c) midlatitude grassland; (d) tropical savanna; (e) tropical scrub.
  • The biome extending through most of Canada and the Soviet Union characterized by coniferous, needle-leaf evergreens, migratory birds, and insects is: (a) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (b) tropical rainforest; (c) tropical savanna; (d) midlatitude deciduous forest; (e) boreal forest.
  • The process whereby plants produce stored chemical energy from water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight is: (a) equilibrium; (b) food chain; (c) nekton; (d) photoperiodism; (e) photosynthesis.
  • Trees which seasonally shed their leaves are BEST called: (a) nekton; (b) coniferous; (c) deciduous; (d) carnivorous; (e) herbivore.
  • The balance which needs to be maintained in a system is the: (a) biome; (b) binomial; (c) ecosystem; (d) equilibrium; (e) response time.
  • The transition zone between biotic communities is the: (a) biomass; (b) herbivore; (c) ecotone; (d) photoperiodism; (e) taxonomy.
  • A low latitude grassland characterized by tall forms is a[n]: (a) selva; (b) tundra; (c) taiga; (d) savanna; (e) boreal.
  • "Perched plants" such as orchids are: (a) exophytes; (b) feral; (c) hygrophytes; (d) epiphytes; (e) tundra.
  • Which of the following is true of a system? (a) A system is a collection of unrelated objects; (b) In an open system, every element is affected only by the other elements within the system; (c) A closed system can be exemplified by a battery powered wrist watch; (d) When in equilibrium, storage of input eliminates output; (e) The response time is the time it takes input to become output.
  • Which of the following is an environmental influence on organisms? (a) temperature; (b) wind; (c) topography; (d) soil; (e) ALL of these.
  • The change from carbon dioxide to living matter and back to carbon dioxide is the: (a) C horizon; (b) energy cycle; (c) carbon cycle; (d) biotic pyramid; (e) hydrologic cycle.
  • Among humans' most successful skills we find: (a) elimination of other living things; (b) protecting natural plant communities; (c) preserving equilibrium in ecosystems; (d) ALL of these; (e) NONE of these.
  • The biome extending through northern Africa into Saudi Arabia and also central Australia characterized by xerophytic plants and burrowing and nocturnal animals is: (a) tropical rainforest; (b) tropical deciduous forest; (c) midlatitude grasslands; (d) desert; (e) tundra.
  • Primary producers are organisms that: (a) feed upon primary consumers; (b) oxidize dead organisms; (c) synthesize carbohydrates; (d) are at the top of the food chain; (e) synthesize most protein molecules.
  • The sequential predation in which organisms feed upon one another and thus transfer energy through the ecosystem is called a[n]: (a) food chain; (b) carnivores; (c) edaphic factors; (d) habitat; (e) mesophytes.
  • A plant adapted to a wet environment is called a[n]: (a) hydrophyte; (b) xerophyte; (c) mesophyte; (d) halophyte; (e) epiphyte.
  • The presence of grasslands instead of forest usually indicates: (a) a drier climate; (b) poorer soils; (c) stronger winds; (d) a warmer climate; (e) shallower soils.
  • The ecological succession normally leads to a[n]: (a) habitat; (b) biome; (c) climatic frontier; (d) climax; (e) endemic.
  • Humankind has altered the distribution of organisms by: (a) domestication; (b) altering habitats; (c) introductions; (d) protection; (e) ALL of these.
  • A tropical rainforest would most likely be found in: (a) India; (b) northern Africa; (c) Cuba; (d) Italy; (e) Brazil.
  • An epiphyte is: (a) a plant of tundra regions that remains dormant through the winter season; (b) a plant of tropical rainforests that extracts moisture directly from the air; (c) a desert plant whose leaves wilt during hot summer days but reopens at night; (d) a group of plants found at the floor of the midlatitude forest; (e) rarely found a low latitudes.
  • The term biome refers to the: (a) largest aquatic ecosystems on earth; (b) collection of deer habitats in eastern North America; (c) largest grassland and forest areas of the western United States; (d) largest ecosystems biologists and others find it convenient to study and work with; (e) living matter on the earth and all it interacts with.
  • The biome characterized by permafrost, low growing shrubs and dwarfed woody plants, insects, and hibernating or migrating animals is the: (a) boreal forest; (b) grasslands; (c) mediterranean; (d) tropical forests; (e) tundra.
  • The biome characterized by prairie or steppe, rich soils, variable rainfall, many animals, and between the forest and the desert is the: (a) boreal forest; (b) grasslands; (c) mediterranean; (d) savanna; (e) aquatic.
  • The biome characterized by scattered trees and shrubs, grasses, low precipitation, large variety of wild mammals, and the Sahel is the: (a) tundra; (b) boreal forest; (c) grassland; (d) mediterranean; (e) savanna.
  • The science concerned with the interrelationships among living things and their nonliving environment is BEST called: (a) cartography; (b) demography; (c) ecology; (d) anthropology; (e) petrology.
  • The living matter and all it interacts with is the: (a) atmosphere; (b) biosphere; (c) lithosphere; (d) hydrosphere; (e) exosphere.
  • An organism which is introduced to an area where it was not previously found is called: (a) recyclable; (b) an anthropogenic community; (c) teleological; (d) territorial; (e) exotic.
  • The tendency of an organism to claim an area for itself or its group is called: (a) the tyranny of geography; (b) social darwinism; (c) altruism; (d) territoriality; (e) lianas.
  • Of the following, the POOREST correlation [match] between the climate and the biome is: (a) tropical wet-tropical rainforest; (b) mediterranean-middle latitude deciduous forest; (c) middle latitude steppe-middle latitude grasslands; (d) subarctic-boreal forest; (e) tundra-tundra.
  • The transition area between one biome and another is the: (a) biomass; (b) ecotone; (c) deciduous; (d) order; (e) response time.
  • Sequential predation which transfers energy through ecosystems is a[n]: (a) ecotone; (b) equilibrium; (c) food chain; (d) plant succession; (e) biomass.
  • The stable community at the end of plant succession is BEST called: (a) the climax; (b) the food chain; (c) vertical zonation; (d) extirpation; (e) monoculture.
  • The total disappearance of an organism from earth is: (a) extinction; (b) xerophyte; (c) hydrophyte; (d) exotic; (e) extirpation.
  • A plant which grows suspended from another is a[n]: (a) equilibrium; (b) biomass; (c) ecotone; (d) liana; (e) epiphyte.
  • The most distinctive zoogeographic region is the: (a) Ethiopian; (b) Palearctic; (c) Neotropic; (d) Nearctic; (e) Australian.
  • The United States is in the zoogeographic region called the: (a) Paleotropic; (b) Palearctic; (c) Neotropic; (d) Nearctic; (e) Oriental.
  • Europe and Russia are in the zoogeographic region called the: (a) Paleotropic; (b) Palearctic; (c) Neotropic; (d) Nearctic; (e) Oriental.
  • The differentiation of minor zoogeographic regions may be exemplified by: (a) New Zealand; (b) Madagascar; (c) Hawaii; (d) ANY of these; (e) NONE of these.
  • Another name for the tropical rainforest is the: (a) epiphytes; (b) selva; (c) taiga; (d) steppe; (e) tundra.
  • The most complex of all ecosystems is associated with the: (a) tropical rainforest; (b) desert; (c) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (d) boreal forest; (e) tundra.
  • The biome noted for the big game animals of Africa, tall grasses, wet and dry seasons is the: (a) tropical deciduous forest; (b) tropical scrub; (c) tropical savanna; (d) midlatitude grasslands; (e) deserts.
  • The biome characterized by maples and oaks, rich in fauna like deer, rabbits, quail, and squirrels and warm summers and precipitation all year is: (a) tropical scrub; (b) tropical deciduous forests; (c) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (d) boreal forest; (e) mid-latitude deciduous forests.
  • The biome noted for its xerophytic vegetation, nocturnal and burrowing animals, limited large mammals, is the: (a) tundra; (b) boreal forest; (c) tropical rainforest; (d) desert; (e) mid-latitude grasslands.
  • The biome noted for its jungle growth, a dry season, ground level vertebrates such as the north coast of South America is the: (a) tundra; (b) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (c) midlatitude grassland; (d) tropical deciduous forest; (e) tropical scrub.
  • The biome extending through the northernmost part of Canada and the Soviet Union characterized by low growing vegetation, migratory birds, caribou, and insects is: (a) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (b) tundra; (c) tropical savanna; (d) midlatitude deciduous forest; (e) boreal forest.
  • The biome characterized by low growing, scraggly trees and tall bushes with grasses below, thorny shrubs, and a rich assemblage of ground-dwelling mammals and reptiles, birds, and insects like in southern Brazil and southern Africa, India, and southcentral Australia is: (a) tropical rainforest; (b) tropical deciduous forest; (c) tropical scrub; (d) mediterranean woodland and shrub; (e) boreal forest.
  • Which biome in the United States is NOT correctly identified? (a) midlatitude deciduous forest-eastern U.S.; (b) tropical savanna-central U.S.; (c) mediterranean woodland and shrub-California; (d) desert-Arizona and New Mexico; (e) midlatitude deciduous forest-coastal Washington and Oregon.
  • A wetland that is dominated by trees is BEST called a[n]: (a) marsh; (b) swamp; (c) boreal forest; (d) selva; (e) BOTH A and B.
  • The complex network of cycles and feedbacks involving both living and nonliving elements of the earth's surface is: (a) the food chain; (b) the hydrologic cycle; (c) the greenhouse effect; (d) the ecological system; (e) NONE of these.
  • Which of the following is NOT a critical element in all ecosystems? (a) impacts of feedback on population size; (b) cycling of chemicals through biological populations; (c) linking biological populations into food chains; (d) conversions of heat into light energy; (e) ALL of these are NOT critical.
  • The combination of role and habitat for a particular species is referred to as its: (a) environment; (b) ecological niche; (c) territorial prerogative; (d) hunting grounds; (e) actorial site.
  • Which of the following is NOT an environmental control that may help determine the species which occupy an ecosystem? (a) the age of the ecosystem; (b) the intensity of sunlight; (c) the texture and chemicals of the soils; (d) other plants and animals; (e) human interference.
  • On a world wide basis, which of the following factors exerts the greatest influence over natural vegetation? (a) climate; (b) soils; (c) topography; (d) humans; (e) natural disasters.
  • Among the following, which would have the least effect upon a terrestrial ecosystem? (a) temperature variations; (b) wind; (c) conditions of sunlight; (d) availability of water.
  • The four major classes of earth's biomes are: (a) forest, grassland, desert, and highlands; (b) grassland, desert, tundra, and forest; (c) forests, shrubs, grasslands, and tundra; (d) steppe, tundra, taiga, swamp; (e) marsh, swamp, steppe, prairie.
  • What happens to tropical soils when the rainforest is cleared? (a) the soil improves in that soluble nutrients are no longer depleted by the trees; (b) there is little effect on the soil because of its depth of richness; (c) clearing interrupts the critical nutrient cycle and leads to soil leaching; (d) the soils stabilize and become excellent for grain crops; (e) the rainforest quickly regrows so that the soil is not influenced.
  • Plants that have developed mechanisms to combat drought are known as: (a) driophytes; (b) xerophytes; (c) trilobytes; (d) trogolodytes; (e) brachophytes.
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