John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. title page
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Bull, Beare, and
Horse, Cut, Curtaile,
With Tales, and Tales of Buls,
Clenches, and Flashes.
As also here and there a touch of our
Beare-Garden-sport; with the second part
of the Merry conceits of Wit
Together with the Names of all
the Bulls and Beares.
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L O N D O N ,
Printed by M. Parsons, for Henry Gosson, and
are to be sold at his shop on London
Bridge. 1 6 3 8.
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 3
This Dedication is directed, to
his well-Affected and much Respe-
cted, his often Approved, and truly
beloved, M r. Thomas Godfrey, Kee-
per of the Game for Beares,
Bulls, and Dogges.
KInd friend, I am sure you
can defend me from being
bitten with your Beares,
though not from being
back-bitten by Envie; you can stave
me and save me, from the Goring of
your Bulls, but there are too many
heards of other Horned Beasts to But
at my Inventions, and tosse my harm-
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 4
lesse meaning, as their empty Iudge-
ments, and Witlesse fancies are en-
clin'd; howsoever I am resolv'd to
love you, and not to Respect them.
I am glad that you can say that an ex-
cessive time of charge is past with
you, and I hope for better dayes and
times. I have touched here and there
merrily upon the Game, but so farre
from offence, that I doe expect that it
will be pleasing both to the Wife, and
to the Indifferent Readers. And mee
thinkes very Fooles should not be an-
gry with it, for I have thrust in a great
many Bables to please them to If any
thing doe seeme distastefull in it, my
Comfort is, that a Wise man will not
set his Wit to mine, and be offended;
but if a Foole be angry, then I will
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 5
not set my Wit to his, and take excep-
tions. And thus with my best wishes
to you and yours, I remaine a poore
friend to you and yours,
[ --Note that pages are omitted-- ]
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 54
Beare and forbeare, I now speake of the Beare,
And therefore (Reader) give, or lend an Eare.
FIrst therefore, in much briefeness I am rendring
Where, and how Beares have breeding and engendring,
Some are Ossean, some are Callidonian,
Some Æremanthian Beares, and some Æmonian,
Some rugged Russians, some Sun-burnt Numidians,
And lastly, the white swimming Beares, (Amphibians)
Some do affirme a Beare to be a creature,
Whelp'd like a lump, with neither shape or feature,
Untill the Damme doth licke it into fashion,
And makes the lump a Beare in transformation.
As Taylors with their precious wisdomes Tallants,
Do licke, and Metamorphose Gulls to Gallantt.
Whereby a fashion oft is shap'd (by chance)
Out of an ill-bread lumpe of ignorance.
But for the Beare he keepes his shape most constant,
The Taylor (and his creatures) change each instant,
The Beare keepes still, the fashion he brought hither,
The gallant Gull's inconstant, like Weather.
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 55
A Beare's a temperate Beast, most free from riot,
A prudent Shoolmaster, of sparing dyet,
Hee'le live foure moneths from every kind of meat,
By sucking of his left foot, like a Teat.
Which is an abstinence that doth require,
More then the fast of a Carthusisian Fryer
No Capuchin, or immur'd Anchorite,
Did never (so much) curbe his Appetite.
And as Beares suffer hunger, I am sure,
No beast created, doth more cold endure :
When fridged Boreas blustring blasts do blow,
Mid'st Rocks, of hoary Ice, and hills of Snow,
The worst of Winters sharp extremity,
The hardy Beare, abides most constantly.
And in hot Africke, and the Libian Coast,
Where Phæbus flames doth seeme the world to Roast:
Where Negro Moores, are dride and blackly dide,
That heat (excessive) there the Beare doth hide.
So that with hunger, heat, and pinching cold,
The Beares extremities are manifold.
Being growne unto Maturity and strength,
And having hither past the seas, at length,
At Beare-Garden, (a sweet Rotuntious Colledge)
Hee's taught the Rudiments of Art and knowledge.
There doth he learne to dance, and (gravely grumbling)
To fight & to be Active (bravely tumbling)
To practise wards, and postures, to and fro,
To guard himselfe, and to offend his foe ;
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 56
Upon his hind feet, Tipto stiffe to stand,
And cuffe a Dog off with his foot-like hand ;
And afterwards (for recreations sake)
Practise to run the Ring about the stake.
Whilst showts, and Mastives mouthes do fill the sky
That sure Acteon ne're had such a cry.
Thus Beares do please the hearing and the sight,
And sure their sent will any man invite :
For whosoer'e spends most, shall finde this favour,
That by the Beares and Dogs, hee's made a favour.
And as a Common-wealth, (oft by Ill-willers)
Is vex'd by prowling Knaves, and Caterpillars,
So is a Beare (which is a quiet Beast)
By Curres and Mungrels, oftentimes opprest.
And tyde to what he doth hee's bound to see,
The best and worst of all their cruelty.
And for mens monies, what shift ere they make for't,
What ere is laid or paid, the Beare's at stake for't.
Though he be hardly drawne to't 'gainst his will,
Hee's bound to see and beare, and bide much ill ;
Besides the baiting of a Beare is rare,
Unlike the baiting of a Horse or Mare :
The Horse hath Provender, and Hey for Bait,
And doth in peace and quiet eate his meat ;
When as the Beare, is Tugg'd, Lugg'd, Bit & Beaten
And eates no Bait, but likely to be Eaten.
A Beare is like a Watchman by his coat,
He weares a Rugge-Gowne alwayes (if you note,)
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 57
And (like a Watchman) oft a Beare will be
As mannerly, and watch as well as he.
And as a grumbling Officer may weare
A Collor and a Chaine, so doth a Beare.
'Tis writ by Authors (Philosophicall)
How that a Beare is usefull, Physicall,
For Agues, and hot Feavers, take his haire,
His Greace (or Lard) will aking Limbes repaire :
His Marrow strengthens, (if you do annoint)
Shrunk Sinewes, Nerves, or an enfeebled joint,
The oyle boyl'd from his feet will operate
The Gowtes tormenting much to mitigate,
And when man's in consumption, like to pine,
The Bears pith's good, that grows amidst his Chine.
A Beares skin Tann'd it'h haire, is for a bed
Better then Blanquet, Rugg, or Coverled.
A Beares Teeth, Painters in high price do hold,
To make them Instruments to gild with gold,
And for his Furre it is such ex'lent stuffe,
That Many a Lady weares it in a Muffe ;
Dry a Beares Liver, and to Powder beat it,
And let a Maid of forty five yeares eate it ;
Although a thousand false Knaves would deceive her
Yet she shall keep her Maidenhead for ever.
Thus having shew'd of Beares their sundry breeding
Their formes, their admirable sparing feeding:
Their patience, courage, temperance, fortitude,
And many vertues that have them endu'd,
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 58
For feare I should mens patience much offend,
Ile give one short touch more and make an end.
Then for the further honour of the Beares,
They (with the stars) are mounted in their Sphears:
There Vrsa Major in the firmament,
Is stellifide, a glorious ornament,
And there, the little Beare (a starre more finer)
Is call'd Artophilax, or Vrsa Minor,
And who so reads the second part of Ovid,
There shall they find (what here is writ) approved.
Now once againe, pray lend your eyes and eares,
Ile write of baiting of the Bulls and Beares.
It is a Game so ancient, that I wot
Records can scarce shew when we usde it not.
Except now, in these sad infectious times,
That heav'ns just hand doth plague us for our crimes,
The Game is by authority supprest ;
And Beares, and Bulls, and Dogs, have too much rest,
Through want of baiting growne to such a straine,
(Hard to be tam'd, or brought in frame againe)
Almost all mad for want of exercise,
Filling, the Aire with roaring and with cries,
That those who neer the Bear-Garden are dwelling
Do heare such bellowing, bawling, yawling, yelling,
As if Hell were broake loose, or (truth to speake)
The Devils at foot ball were on Barley-breake.
There's three couragious Bulls, as ever plaid,
Twenty good Beares, as er'e to stake was taid.
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 59
And seventy Mastives of such Breed and Races,
That from fierce Lions will not turne their faces ;
A male and female Ape (kind Jacke and Jugge,
Who with sweet complement do kisse and hugge,
And lastly there is Jacke an Apes his Horse,
A Beast of fiery fortitude and force.
As for the Game I boldly dare relate,
'Tis not for Boyes, or fooles effeminate,
For whoso'ere comes thither, most and least,
May see and learne some courage from a Beast :
And 'tis not only a base Rabble Crew,
That thither comes, It may be proved true,
That to the Beare-Garden comes now and than,
Some Gamesters worth ten thousand pounds a man.
For rough behaviour that's no great disgrace,
There's more hors-play us'd at each deere hors-race,
More heads, or legs, or necks, are broake each day,
At Cards, Dice, Tables, Bowles, or foot-ball-play.
The Game hath been maintain'd, and will, we hope
Be so againe (now favour gives it scope)
For Kings, for Princes, for Ambassadors,
Both for our Countrymen, and forreigners.
Which hath been held, a Royalty and Game,
And (though ecclips'd) will be againe the same.
But now (to make an end) must be explain'd,
How it the name of Paris-Garden gain'd :
The name of it was from a Royal Boy,
(Brave Illions fire-brand, wracke and sacke of Troy)
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 60
Paris (King Priams sonne) a sucking childe,
Was throwne away into the woods so wilde,
There that young Prince was cast to lfve or perish,
And there a Bear will sucke, the babe did cherish ;
And as a rare memoriall of the same,
From Paris, Paris-Garden hath the name.
Those that will not beleeve it, let them go
To France, in Paris, they may find it so,
Or if not there, let them looke narrowly,
In Mathew Paris famous History.
And that we have obtain'd againe the Game,
Our Paris-Garden Flag proclaimes the same.
Our Beares, and Bulls, and Dogs in former state,
The streets of London do perambulate,
And honest sport, and lawfull merriment,
Shall thrice a weeke be shew'd, to give content.
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 61
Heere follows the Names of the
Bulls and Beares at the Beare-
The Bulls are,1 Goldilocks.
The Beares are,1 Ned of Canterbury.
2 George of Cambridge.
3 Don Iohn.
4 Ben Hunt.
5 Nan Styles.
6 Beefe of Ipswich.
7 Robin Hood.
8 Blind Robin.
John Taylor (1638): Bull, Beare, and Horse, &c. page 62
9 Iudith of Cambridge.If any will have one of these, or some,
10 Besse Hill.
11 Kate of Kent.
12 Rose of Bedlam.
13 Nan Talbot.
14 Mall Cut-purse.
15 Nell of Holland.
16 Mad Besse. }
17 Will Tookey. } two white Beares
18 Besse Runner.
19 Tom Dogged.
Or all, let them to our Beare-Garden come :
These Beasts are for their service bound & tide,
And there their pleasures may be satisfied.
Hypertext formatting copyrighted © by Joanne E. Gates
Notes on the text: As republished by The Spenser Society (no. 19, orig. 1869), the full pamphlet has 69 numbered pages. Title page is unnumbered page 1. Pages 2 and 6 are blank. Source text: Works of John Taylor the Water Poet Not Included in the Folio Volume of 1630. Third Collection (the third pamphlet in this volume, and cross referenced to Hazlitt's Bibliographical Hand Book, Hazlitt No. 60). Burt Franklin Research and Source Works Series # 150. Reprint 1967. Omitted from this printing are signature marks and carryover words that indicate text on the next page. Where printing continues one line of verse to an adjacent line by use of parenthesis, I have kept the long line intact. Original spelling and punctuation retained. The portions of the original text are transcribed for benefit of scholars interested in Bear-Baiting in London in the early seventeenth century and not intended to infringe upon existing copyrighted material. For permission to link, repost, reprint, e-mail and copy, please contact the page editor: firstname.lastname@example.org. We encourage free and legal dissemination for educational purposes, as long as credit to this editor is maintained and notification received.
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